In the 19th century the growing industrialization of the region Ruhrgebiet attracted more and more people from the rural areas into the cities. Numerous company town projects were initiated to moderate the resulting housing shortage. Partially by  cooperatives with non-profit targets, partially by the industrialists, who wanted to attract and keep their employees. 

Company Towns


Margarethenhöhe, Essen

Company Town workers' village Margarethenhöhe, Essen, Ruhrgebiet, Germany with Brückenkopftor

Margrethenhöhe is a southern district of Essen, Germany, close to the Grugapark. Die garden city was founded in 1906 by Margarethe Krupp, widow of the industrialist Krupp. The residential area was constructed in the years after until 1938. Motivation was to provide attractive living possibilities to the employees of Krupp and with this to bind the workers to he company. Standardized components were used to keep cost low. But the composition of the components was designed in a very flexible way enabling a diversified cityscape. All houses are individually designed, still providing the same look-and-feel. From the beginning all houses were equipped with bathrooms and heating, very modern for that time. 900 buildings distributed over an area of 115 ha offered more than 3.000 housing units. The Brückenkopf building (lit. bridge head) shown in the photo served as the main entrance gate to the quarter. It was the first building in the district that was built. During the first years the construction site management was housed here. Since 1987 the whole quarter is declared listed monument by the city of Essen. The relaxed city planning with wide open spaces and park areas make the quarter appear rather like a rural village in the middle of a city. Margarethenhöhe today is a very popular residential area in Essen. People say it's easier to inherit an apartment in Margarethenhöhe than to rent one.  

 

Link: Wikipedia

 

Photo: 

Title: Brückenkopf

Location: Steile Str. 1, 45149 Essen

GPS 51.434305, 6.979127

Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III

Lens: EF16-35mm f/4L IS USM

Date: July 9, 2019, 5:03pm

Exif: 17mm, f/8, ISO 100, 1/160 sec. 

© Christian Twehues

Alte Kolonie Eving, Dortmund

Company Town workers' village Alte Kolonie Eving, Dortmund, Ruhrgebiet, Germany

Alte Kolonie Eving was founded in the years 1898 and 1899 by the coal mines Vereinigte Stein and Hardenberg. The intention was to provide living space to workers from outside the region. The company town offered 76 buildings with 270 housing units. The apartments all had flowing water, a heating oven, a separated entrance, as well as barn and a yard. This supported self-supply of the pit men and their families coming mostly from rural areas in Eastern Europe. In the 1970ties a citizens' initiative was successful in preventing the deconstruction of the quarter. The workers' village was preserved to a big extend and finally declared listed monument. Well preserved rows of houses can be observed in Friesenstraße, in Körnerstraße or at the Nollendorfplatz.  

 

 

Link: Wikipedia

 

Photo: 

Title: Alte Kolonie Eving

Location: Körnerstraße 8-14, 44339 Dortmund

GPS 51.552910, 7.462436

Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III

Lens: EF16-35mm f/4L IS USM

Date: May 12, 2019, 8:16pm

Exif: 16mm, f/4, ISO 100, 1/125 sec. 

© Christian Twehues

Company Town Ripshorster Straße, Oberhausen

Company Town workers' village Ripshorster Strasse, Oberhausen, Ruhrgebiet, Germany

The residential area Ripshorster Straße was initiated in 1899 for the employees of the ironworks plant Gutehoffnungshütte. The brick houses had 4 housing units each. In the 1960ties the deconstruction of the whole company town was decided and partially executed until 1969. In 1980 the citizens started an initiative to keep the quarter. After years of negotiations finally a cooperative was founded with the target to maintain the remaining buildings of the former company town. Opposite to the street shown in the photo there is the artwork Zauberlehrling, also called the dancing pole.  

   

Link: Route Industriekultur

 

Photo: 

Title: Arbeitersiedlung Ripshorster Straße

Location: Ripshorster Str. 371, 46117 Oberhausen

GPS 51.493265, 6.891582

Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III

Lens: EF16-35mm f/4L IS USM

Date: July 9, 2019, 1:30pm

Exif: 28mm, f/8, ISO 320, 1/80 sec. 

© Christian Twehues

Company Town Eisenheim, Oberhausen

Company Town workers' village Eisenheim, Oberhausen, Ruhrgebiet, Germany

The workers' village Eisenheim was constructed already in 1846 by the ironworks plant Gutehoffnungshütte for its employees.  The quarter is one of the oldest company towns in the Ruhrgebiet. Starting in 1865 also pit men from the coal mine Osterfeld moved into the quarter. In 1900 around 1.200 people were living here in 51 houses. The town was partially destroyed in World War II. A citizens' initiative could prevent the execution of plans to deconstruct the whole quarter and to build a new modern residential area. In 1972 the remaining 38 buildings were saved and declared listed monument. Today the company town Eisenheim is part of the Route Industriekultur. The flair of the quarter can best be observed by walking the side path next to Berliner Straße, which leads through the backyards.  

 

Link: Wikipedia

 

Photo: 

Title: Siedlung Eisenheim

Location: Berliner Str. 4-10, 46117 Oberhausen

GPS 51.502725, 6.862963

Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III

Lens: EF16-35mm f/4L IS USM

Date: July 9, 2019, 1:39pm

Exif: 22mm, f/8, ISO 100, 1/200 sec. 

© Christian Twehues

Company Town Rheinbaben, Bottrop

Company Town workers' village Rheinbaben, Bottrop, Ruhrgebiet, Germany

The coal mine Rheinbaben was active until 1967. In the direct neighborhood of the pit Rheinbaben constructed company houses and offered them to their employees. Each house had 4 housing units, two houses were placed next to each other. The photo shoes former company houses of Rheinbaben in the street Liebrechtstraße, corner Nordring.

 

Photo: 

Title: Siedlung Rheinbaben

Location: Liebrechtstraße 2, 46240 Bottrop, Germany

GPS 51.542406, 6.937588

Camera: iPhoneX

Lens: iPhoneX back dual camera 4mm f/1.8

Date: March 18, 2019, 12:55 noon

Exif: 4mm, f/1.8, ISO 20, 1/14000 sec. 

© Christian Twehues

Garden Town Welheim, Bottrop

Company Town workers' village Welheim, Bottrop, Ruhrgebiet, Germany

The Garden Town Welheim is a quarter of Bottrop. The company town was built between 1914 and 1923 for the employees of the coal mine Vereinigte Welheim. The quite big houses were divided into small housing units, sometimes not more than 35m². The village was situated between two industry plants and heavily destroyed during World War II. During reconstruction small housing units were consolidated and the apartments got baths and heating. Welheim is today part of the Route Industriekultur. With 650 buildings and 2.700 residents Welheim is one of the largest company towns in the Ruhrgebiet.

 

Link: Wikipedia

 

Photo: 

Title: Gartenstadt Welheim

Location: Im Gungfeld, 46238 Bottrop

GPS 51.527150, 6.986494

Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III

Lens: EF16-35mm f/4L IS USM

Date: July 30, 2019, 6:52pm

Exif: 16mm, f/8, ISO 200, 1/60 sec. 

© Christian Twehues

Company Town Dahlhauser Heide, Bochum

Company Town workers' village Dahlhauser Heide, Bochum, Ruhrgebiet, Germany

Dahlhauser Heide is a company town, built by the group Krupp between 1906 and 1915  in Bochum-Hordel for its employees of the coal mines Hannover and Hannibal. The village primarily consisted of semi-detached houses of homeland style. The dragged-down roofs and the timber frame structure remind of Westphalian farm houses. Each house had a barn and garden land. The extensive market gardening of the residents, especially of cabbage, soon led to the nick name "Kappeskolonie" (cabbage village). Six two-story houses of the foremen were located at the central place called „Beamtenhof“. These houses provided more comfort. The village offered 715 housing units in 339 houses. The over 40 different types of houses, the twisted streets, Kindergarten and schools, an own park, and a central place gave the company town the character of a naturally grown village. The quarter was never declared listed monument by the town Bochum. But instead local statutes were activated in 1980, regulating construction work and thus preserving the appearance of the company town. 

 

Link: Wikipedia

 

Foto: 

Titel: Dahlhauser Heide

Adresse: Sechs-Brüder-Straße 75, 44793 Bochum

GPS 51.501772, 7.175319

Kamera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III

Objektiv: EF16-35mm f/4L IS USM

Aufnahme: 3.08.2019, 18:50

Exif: 29mm, f/8, ISO 100, 1/50 sek. 

© Christian Twehues


Gallery Company Towns